Hongshan Culture, circa 3800-2700 B.C.
the smoothly polished plaque with grooved surface carved on both sides with an abstract mask, the ‘eyes’ drilled through small recesses on either side of a tapered ‘nose’ above a long row of blunt ‘teeth’ flanked by curled ‘fangs’ at each end, echoed by twin curled ‘horns’ at the upper corners and with double projecting points emerging at the middle of the short sides, the translucent pale grayish green stone drilled with a small hole for suspension at the center near the upper edge.
Length 4 3⁄8 inches (11 cm)
Ex J.J. Lally & Co., 1994 catalogue no. 7
Compare the smaller Hongshan jade pendant of similar form exhibited at the Art Gallery of the Chinese University of Hong Kong and illustrated in the exhibition catalogue by Yang, Chinese Archaic Jades from the Kwan Collection, Hong Kong, 1994, no. 6.
Compare also the large Hongshan jade pendant of closely related form, excavated from tomb no. 27 of burial mound no. 1 at the second location within the Niuheliang site, Chaoyang, Liaoning province, now in the collection of the Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, illustrated by Gu (ed.) in Zhongguo chutu yuqi quanji (Complete Collection of Jades Unearthed in China), Vol. 2, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Beijing, 2005, p. 133.
新石器時代 紅山帶齒面形玉飾 長11厘米