Hongshan Culture, circa 3800-2700 B.C.
of flattened form, with wings displayed, the slightly rounded body with a short beak and bulging eyes on the upper edge, the reverse plain, pierced with a ‘bull nose’ channel for suspension, the grayish green stone with cloudy mottling.
Width 1 7⁄8 inches (4.8 cm)
Compare the similar Hongshan bird form pendant, excavated from the Nasitai site in Balinyouqi, Inner Mongolia and now in the Balinyouqi Museum, described as an owl and illustrated by Gu (ed.), Zhongguo chutu yuqi quanji (Complete Collection of Jades Unearthed in China), Vol. 2, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Beijing, 2005, p. 26.
Another similar Hongshan bird form pendant of larger size in the collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing, is illustrated by Gu (ed.) in Zhongguo chuanshi yuqi quanji (Chinese Jades in Traditional Collections), Vol. 1, Neolithic Period, Shang, Western Zhou, Spring and Autumn Period, Warring States Period, Beijing, 2010, p. 21.
新石器時代 紅山玉鴞 寬4.8厘米